While basic and secondary education are practically free in the Philippines, not every Filipino child can go to school for endless reasons. National Statistical Coordination Board reveals that the Philippines falls short in reaching its target net enrollment rates. While elementary education aimed to have 93% in SY 2009 - 2010, the datum only shows 73.5 in SY 2005-2006 and believed to have failed in reaching their target. This is also true for secondary education where net enrollment in SY 2005 -2006 was 44.5% from a much higher target.
Normally the culprits of why drop - out rates remain to accelerate can be any or all of the following:
Poverty. Even if education is free, students are still constricted with daily allowances, fare, and projects that can cripple any parent's very limited budget;
Accessibility to School. While a school is placed within the heart of a small district, some students live in very remote areas that everyday travel to and fro school and home can be toilsome.
Vices. While the younger students are not allowed to leave their school premises not before school ends, college students can just leave school whenever they want and stay in any entertainment area like gaming centers, or drinking bars to name a few.
Wrong Crowd. Friends indeed create a big influence among students, thus, when students hang out with wrong friends, there is a very high possibility that they get to compromise their studies too.
With the reasons given, government authorities, teachers and parents should take a strong will and commitment to make sure that drop - out rates decline.